Critical Summary 3

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It is important to question and seek accurate comprehensive truth, in order to heal broken families. To illustrate this aim, three unheard short stories of several anonymous letters at shiftthescript.org need you to realise something. Father, mother, son, daughter.

[ Dear Mom and Dad,

I live in fear of your discovering that I no longer believe what you taught me. I still perform all my duties, I offer the Fajr every morning faithfully, but only as a way to keep you from suspecting. I wish I had the courage to tell you the truth. And maybe one day I will. But what will you say then? Will you still love me? Or will you cast me out? I can’t bear the thought of that. But I also can’t bear the lie I am living. Whatever happens know that I love you. #inthecloset

Anonymous ]

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[ I love you daughter,

I have been trying to find a way to contact you since you left. You have made yourself hard to find, and after what happened with your father, I understand why. If I could see you I would, I don’t care anymore what the consequences would be. Family is family and you are family, forever. I pray for you five times a day, I beg Allah you are safe, that you are well, that you are happy and that you are not living in fear. One day we will meet again, I promise. I promise.

NK ]

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[ I am Muslim. I saw the billboard many days now and have been too afraid to look at the website until now. I have read the letters here and I am moved. I do not know what else to say except that I will go and tell my children that though I pray they stay faithful inshallah, that only they have decision over their own minds and I will love them no matter what path they take. ]

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Have you ever been shunned, verbally abused, or hounded with death threats? Have you ever experienced any of the above? Do you know the pain and isolation of being shut out from what you love and value?

Within the Middle East, throughout parts of Asia, Africa, and more visibly in European countries and the USA, Ex-Muslims exist. Many remain hidden to avoid the usual consequences or dire legal repercussions inflicted on Ex-Muslims. Those who leave Islam and those who stay can suffer because of a difference in choices. Families are broken. Pain does not discriminate.

In various countries across Africa, deciding to publicly be an Ex-Muslim or telling the wrong person about your apostasy can get you killed or shunned [1].

What would Ex-Muslims have in common with the victims of the Islamic State of Iraq and The Levant (الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام) in as-Suwaydā’ on 25 July 2018 [2]: An assault in the dark of the early morning resulting in at least 255 people being murdered and 180 people wounded by cowardly terrorists, resulting in scores of Druze women and children abducted and threatened with death by the same cowards to try and secure the freedom of their fellow terrorists?

This Critical Summary must demonstrate why accurate context and accurately nuanced connections are vital, especially when using words in a complex discussion on a complex topic. Non-English words are also defined at the end of this summary.

To quote from a portion of Shift The Script’s Question and Answer segment:

{ The 4 critical viewpoints of the physician-academic are lab trials and research (controlled ideal environment), clinical trials in academic settings (practises limited in scope and population size), practise-based research (practises in the community with greater variation in population, but still greatly limited in population size), and community-based research (those you do not see or encounter personally which must be accounted for, and can be a much bigger population than what is seen in a clinic or lab).

When becoming aware of variables and parameters in different settings is exercised in your daily life, this developed habit tackles the challenges of evaluating open systems and closed systems, preventing echo chambers.}

Regardless of occupation or IQ levels, many people don’t know the skills of the physician-academic, thus mistaking groups 1 and 2 as groups 3 and 4, especially if you use large groups with too many disparate variables to evaluate certain criteria.

Neglecting crucial connective analysis and projecting primarily from your viewpoint can fundamentally distort what you believe you know, especially when a person ignores sufficient intellectual humility to realise and admit mistakes.

Mistakes are human. Being well-adjusted to admit mistakes or ignorance requires consciously exercising intellectual humility. Three stories conveyed in the beginning are humbly human. Did the emotions and feelings of each story accurately reach you? Why?

Whether you are non-Muslim, Muslim or Ex-Muslim, how do you choose to use your words? How do you make distinctions with 4 necessary comparison groups, for the topic of Islam? Are you aware of 4 necessary comparison groups?

People such as Simone Rodane-Benzoquen [3] have noticed the USA has immense overwhelming freedom of speech. Countries in Europe do not have the first amendment for freedom of speech, and have certain restrictions, but freedom of speech and respect for civil liberties are much greater in such countries, compared to many countries in the Middle East, North Africa or Asia.

Media outlets produce articles limited in word count. Unless journalists can evaluate certain circumstances and statistics, the media will not know how to investigate this issue. Focusing on only the Middle East and Western countries such as USA, Australia and Europe for comparisons can easily reinforce any wrongly positive or wrongly negative prejudices, bias, and ignorance, regardless of whether you are Ex-Muslim, Muslim or non-Muslim, and regardless of your origins or current location.

The Division of Asia in Cornell University organised an exhibition at Kroch Library titled “Islam in Asia: Diversity in Past and Present”, from November 2016 to April 2017 [4]. Under the section of “Muslim Populations”, Muslims were estimated to number 1.57 billion people, which was slightly under 25% of the global population. More than 60% of Muslims reside in Asia. Muslims in the Middle East and North Africa constitute approximately 20%.

Did you ignore the majority of Islam’s believers living in Asia, when you make comparisons and wrongly declare all Muslims are evil? Indonesia is the biggest Muslim-majority country in the world, with a local population of 266 million people, and at least 225 million citizens are Muslims. Regardless of the disputed numbers, China’s Uighur Muslim population is less than 55 million in a population of more than 1.3 billion citizens of China.

In many of these countries within Asia over the centuries until today [5], many Muslims are not fluent in Arabic or do not understand Arabic. They did not grow up using Arabic as a primary language or mother tongue, due to the primary official languages of many countries in Asia. These factors render such Muslims very dependent on scholars of Sunni Islam to guide them, especially in Southeast Asia.

The Qur’ān and literature to explain the Qur’ān more than 1000 years ago is originally in Arabic. Sunni Islam’s believers constitute more than 80% of the global Muslim population.

East Asia comprises countries such as China, Japan and the 2 Koreas. South Asia comprises countries such as India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bhutan. Southeast Asia comprises countries such as Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia and Thailand. The circumstances and history of 2 countries in Southeast Asia give vital damning clues about the cause of a global problem within countries in the Middle East and First World western countries.

Depending on your knowledge or personal experience, you might classify Southeast Asia mostly as a region of dictatorships and plutocracies, upon evaluating the quality of democracy, civil rights, press laws, speech laws, and quality of mainstream press functioning as the Fourth Estate across various countries. Blasphemy laws or an equivalent are widely prevalent [6]. Before studying specific countries, we must start with the importance of words.

A word can have multiple meanings depending on vital context, or a single meaning. The word “horrible” denotes something dreadful, unpleasant, possibly disgusting, and can never be mistaken to describe something pleasant or positive, when used alone. “Murtadd” refers to an apostate from Islam. This Arabic word was chosen to denounce freedom of choice and evaluation exercised by millions of people for more than 1000 years, in a derogatory sense.

“Cleave” has two homographs and can represent opposing definitions, depending on how the word is used. Cleave can refer to “splitting apart” or “adhering to something”. From these examples, can you see the importance of clarifying the usage of words?

When we use words, especially when we use words to describe a way of life we cleave to or cleave away from, what is the extent of accuracy and context required for words used by different people to disagree, to be fair to everyone?

The contents of Sahîh Al-Bukhâri and the Qur’ān are books exercised by people claiming to be believers of Islam. A significant number of Sunni Muslims assume the originals of these books are preserved in entirety and without flaws. Believers assume the Qur’ān contains the preserved words of a divine creator of existence, transmitted by his angel Jibreel to a chosen prophet.

Below is a simple sample of questions collated in three paragraphs to address the above paragraph, if you claim to have an intelligent mind versed in effective science and critical philosophy, by exercising neutral analytical caution based on intellectual integrity and humility:

Have the original compilations attributed to the original authors been preserved by the original authors of said compilations, yes or no? What process and methods did they use, if so? When did the process of the compilations start and end? How did they decide what to include and exclude? How do we assess and verify the accuracy and reliability of these compilations?

If the original authors were not responsible for the compilations, what process and method(s) were used, to preserve the compilation of each book? Who were the people involved? What errors and difficulties were present, in the processes of doing so? How do we ascertain the accuracy, objectivity and reliability of any historical sources claiming to possess information about these compilations? How do we assess and verify the accuracy and reliability of these books? How did all those involved decide what to include and exclude? When did the process of the compilation start and end?

How did the earliest Muslims, and subsequent two generations of Muslims, understand the contents of these compilations? Are any contents or words within the books, reputed to be more than 1000 years old, binding on all Sunni Muslims? Are indications present of intentions needing further caution and analysis?

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Irrefutable jarring reality confronting the enquiring mind reveals convoluted histories, multiple sources, and contradictions in tortuous chronology alongside many questions when compiling these two books, which are collections of oral traditions.

The original compilation of Sahîh Al-Bukhâri supposedly decided by a certain imam was never preserved in a complete written compilation by that imam for any Muslim scholars to peruse, and the same goes for the Qur’ān. The Qur’ān used today was preserved in a certain form of Arabic and no other dialects, after the third rightful caliph of Sunni Islam embarked on a process involving certain Muslims to decide on such a compilation, while also deciding on already-existent versions of the Qur’ān to be destroyed. These are irrefutable facts.

The Qur’ān and books in the authentic Sunnah used today to govern Sunni Islam, such as Sahîh Al-Bukhâri, were not written in Urdu, Farsi, English, Mandarin, French, German, Bahasa Melayu, Spanish or other languages, except one: A form of Arabic. Regardless of the fluency in Arabic or lack of, key Arabic words constantly uttered and utilised by Sunni Muslims worldwide are words such as Dīn, Ummah, Sunnah, and Sharīʿah.

Several irrefutable facts are binding on all Sunni Muslims for more than 1000 years, in accordance with Sunni Islam’s well-preserved primary scholarship rooted in binding fundamental facts of the Sunnah. “Sunnah” in this summary refers to the body of literature compiling the words, deeds and actions of the prophet Muhammad prescribed or prohibited for all Muslims with a final goal to encompass the entire human species as described in the signs of the Hour, the Sunnah being preserved and mandated according to the scholars of Sunni Islam.

All Sunni Muslims must believe in 5 principles/pillars of Islam and 6 articles/pillars of faith. The relevant oral traditions are present in Sahîh Al-Bukhâri and Sahîh Muslim, and these two books constitute the Sahîhain. The Sahîhain must be taken very seriously by all Sunni Muslims, because oral traditions in these 2 compilations are sound, reliable, and of the highest authority due to being strenuously ascertained by 2 revered imams.

Those imams adhered to a system of scholarship endorsed by subsequent scholars of Sunni Islam over the centuries, for more than 1000 years. They constitute a distilled key of the central core of sources binding on all Sunni Muslims.

Sahîh Al-Bukhâri and Sahîh Muslim are responsible for many life practises of a Sunni Muslim, while explaining how and why certain verses of the Qur’ān were given. There are other significant weighty tomes of lore in Sunni Islam such as Tafsīr al-Ṭabarī, but they are supposedly not for Muslims lacking a certain depth of education about Sunni Islam, to prevent misunderstanding.

Oral traditions in the Sahîhain are also readily reproduced in books for Muslim children, sold in Islamic bookstores or non-Islamic children bookstores. Islamic publisher Darul Mughni Trading has English language books about Sunni Islam printed in Kuala Lumpur, and they are sold in bookstores of countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, Canada and USA.

Darul Mughni Trading have recently produced two colourful books deserving international attention. One of their colourful cheerful books in cartoon-form is titled “Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad”, easily read to kids as young as three years of age and taught to kids at least a year older. This book quotes extensively from the most authoritative and authentic sources of the Sunnah.

Page 2 quotes Sahîh Muslim, stating anyone who does not associate anything with Allah will go to Heaven. Anyone who associates anything with Allah will go to Hell. The cartoon obviously does not match the words or meaning of the original oral tradition, hence the presentation may or may not strike you as being intellectually dishonest. Page 16 quotes Sahîh Muslim for the 6 articles/pillars of faith. Page 89 quotes Sahîh Al-Bukhâri for the 5 principles/pillars of Islam. From one book, you can see the importance of the Sahîhain.

The second book is for older children, titled “366 Q & A FROM THE HADITH (1 Day 1 Hadith)”. Sources referenced and quoted include the six major ḥādīth compilations of Sunni Islam, known as Kutub al-Sittah (The Canonical Six), where Sahîh Al-Bukhâri and Sahîh Muslim are the most revered of the six books. Children between 6 to 12 years-old can learn with the guidance of an adult. In much of this book, the sources are reliably accurate in English.

On page 56, ḥādīth 3896 of Sahîh Al-Bukhâri and ḥādīth 1422 of Sahîh Muslim is quoted, whereby ‘Ā’ishah narrates, “Allah’s Apostle married me when I was six, and I was admitted to his house when I was nine years old.” On page 93, ḥādīth 151 of Ibnu Hibban is quoted, whereby Allah’s Apostle states the first words a child should utter is “La illaha illallah- There is no deity but Allah.”

On page 109, teaching about wahan regarding worldly life pertains to loving this world and fearing death. This oral tradition is involved in one of the minor signs of the Hour, and should not be taught to anyone because it fundamentally contributes to the mindset of suicide bombers from Sunni Islam. On page 128, ḥādīth 1052 of Sunan Abu Dawood according to the prophet is quoted, whereby the ones who deserve to lead the people in their prayer are the ones who practise the knowledge of the Qur’ān the most.

On page 129, ḥādīth 7394 of Sahîh Al-Bukhâri is quoted, with regards to the dua recited by the Prophet Muhammad before going to sleep: “Bismillah Allahumma amutu wa ahya (meaning “With your name I die and I live”)”. On page 130, ḥādīth 2682 of Jāmi‘ at-Tirmidhī is referenced, with regards to those who are called the “heirs of the Prophets” by the Prophet Muhammad: The scholars (who have Islamic knowledge). On page 131, ḥādīth 7312 of Sahîh Al-Bukhâri is quoted, with regards to the question of what Allah will do if he wishes good for anyone: He bestows upon him the understanding in the deen.

On page 139, ḥādīth 6066 of Sahîh Al-Bukhâri is quoted, in reply to the question of the worst of false talks narrated by the Prophet: Suspicion. Page 165 tells you the book sometimes called the most authentic book after the Qur’ān is Sahîh Al-Bukhâri. Page 169 quotes from Sahîh Muslim, stating this world is a prison for the believers and a paradise for disbelievers. On page 190, Sahîh Al-Bukhâri and Sahîh Al-Muslim are referenced, whereby the Prophet Muhammad stated one is rewarded 27 times more for offering prayers in congregation than alone.

Those 2 books are gems for young Muslim kids in Malaysia, a country reported by international news outlets as a country practising moderate Islam.

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Speaking of gems of knowledge, if an oral tradition is mutawaatir and found in Sahîh Al-Bukhâri or Sahîh Muslim, a Sunni Muslim is obligated to believe, or that Muslim goes against the roots of Sunni Islam’s binding fundamentals from more than 1000 years ago in a historically-unchanged scholarship protected by the heir of the prophets, in accordance with the authentic Sunnah of the prophet Muhammad.

Here are details you need to know regarding Sunni Islam, regardless of whether you are Ex-Muslim, Muslim or non-Muslim:

# The Qur’ān is a book endorsed by all believers, mostly Muslims. An overwhelming majority of Muslims are Sunni Muslims constituting more than 80% of the current global Muslim population.

# The authentic Sunnah is required to explain the Qur’ān and teach Sunni Muslims how to live according to the Dīn of Islam as defined by the binding scholarship of Sunni Islam, and the authentic Sunnah includes the Sahîhain.

# All Sunni Muslims must believe in 5 principles/pillars of Islam and 6 articles/pillars of faith, details being better in summary from the Sahîhain than the Qur’ān. In the 6 articles/pillars of faith, faith is required in Allah of the Qur’ān, his angels, his prophets, his holy books, predestination/divine decree, and the Day of Judgement (known as Yawm al-Qiyāmah).

# Not paying attention to specific countries in Southeast Asia is a huge mistake. If you are not a scholar of Sunni Islam deemed as heirs to the knowledge of the Prophets according to the prophet Muhammad in the authentic Sunnah, perusing the literature of Sunni Islam without realising why you need to understand this will keep you oblivious to a well-hidden historically-unchanged scholarship from more than 1000 years ago.

# Sunni Islam had no authority or credibility more than 1000 years ago, because of one major sign related to The Hour, and this sign must occur before the Day of Judgement. Sunni Muslims are obligated to believe in this major sign as a future omen occurring before the Day of Judgement, just as Sunni Muslims are obligated to believe Islam has 5 principles/pillars of Islam and 6 articles/pillars of faith. The Hour contains many minor signs and a specific few major signs according to the authentic Sunnah. All Sunni Muslims should know about the major signs.

# This major sign about the sun literally rising from its place of setting in the West came about due to ṣaḥīḥ oral traditions being mutawaatir, as narrated by several Muslims belonging to the earliest generation of Muslims. These oral traditions of the highest authority and authenticity clearly prove the prophet Muhammad and all the earliest Muslims failed basic science. Believing Allah sat on a throne which the sun would literally prostrate itself before every day before returning whence it came, other authentic oral traditions by the Companions also include how certain verses of the Qur’ān were given, regarding the movements of the sun over the earth.

# This monumental failure is irrefutable and properly described alongside saḥīḥ oral traditions replicated in the Arabic and English editions of a bestselling Darussalam book published in 2010. “The End of the World: Signs of the Hour Major and Minor” is sold in many countries worldwide, in Islamic bookstores or online.

# This monumental failure must be exposed and shared in an evolutionary conversation, because many people need to learn many lessons, including the most important oral tradition in Sunni Islam which allows Muslims to be selective about Islam to other Muslims.

# Any Sunni Muslim believing in 5 principles/pillars of Islam and 6 articles/pillars of faith endorse terrorists such as Boko Haram, Al-Qaeda, and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. They emulate important Islamic history of a minority of Muslims carrying out certain duties on behalf of all Muslims from more than 1000 years ago, also in accordance with vital Islamic history and being faithfully exercised under the authority of the scholars, which is why the Ottoman Sultans never made Hajj.

# Not understanding how to evaluate and ascertain certain criteria in a complex issue allowed a problem to snowball for more than 1000 years, multiplied by number of people who don’t understand ethically accurate science and effective connective philosophy, don’t understand how verifiable sciences work, and don’t realise how classification systems exercised in Sunni Islam are not science.

# The conversation to help Ex-Muslims and unveil Islam does not halt here, but requires being taken to local-national-global levels, involving citizens and governments, because of two unavoidable reasons:

# Why “Dīn” of Islam cannot be translated as “religion” according to the understanding of the earliest Muslims and Islam is not a religion, as explained by scholars such as imams of Sunni Islam to certain congregations, while living in non-Islamic countries and officially claiming Islam is a religion.

# Certain sources of Sunni Islam have defined and described Islam as a unique timeless civilisation of certain criteria able to undertake and negate or modify all non-Islamic aspects encountered, without losing the Dīn because of the Islamic scholars. Sunni Muslims surpass the population of China, and even without other divisions of Islam, makes Islam the biggest civilisation in human history. Sunni Muslims are not a minority. Many Muslims don’t realise they are citizens of a unique civilisation, which many governments are obviously unaware of.

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We must ascertain the core causes of this knowledge not being common knowledge worldwide for more than 1000 years, and especially within the last 50 years.

Interaction and observation, comparing certain circumstances between different countries, and knowing how to ascertain accurate conclusions will highlight common errors made by many ordinary citizens worldwide, who identify as Muslims, Ex-Muslims and non-Muslims.

You may have read articles [7] [8] explaining how money from Saudi Arabia channelled into certain other countries can have negative influence, or heard people saying that leads to the rise of Wahhabism and distorts Islam in other countries.

The USA and many European countries have a certain standard of civil liberties and vast freedom of speech, Sunni Islam is not dominant, and the population statistics for Muslims constitute a minority in those countries. Certain conclusions would be impossible, if merely assessing those countries. Comparing countries within the Middle East is just as impossible, because Sunni Islam is prevalent in most of the population statistics, government, governmental policies and society of many countries.

In order to understand how 99% of people today have been denied a unique combination of 3 facts about Islam, you must understand how Sunni Muslims in 2 countries within Southeast Asia have been deceived by those they trust, and how the causes of their ignorance also affect the USA and other countries. All governments will also understand how they have also been deceived.

Malaysia and Singapore are multi-religious multi-racial countries with many important similarities despite differences, because many trusting Muslims living in these 2 countries do not realise they are necessary for revealing observational discrepancies and red flags due to how they have been taught about Sunni Islam by those they trust. Did you know this?

What if a country has very strict speech laws and press laws, after undergoing a historical period of non-Islamic British colonialism, and also entrenching outdated ideas affecting respect for civil liberties? Such laws suppress dissent and rebellion, including a Sedition Act penalising anybody expressing controversial views on issues such as Islam or other religions, rendering the disturbance of racial harmony or religious harmony a crime.

What if the country has a history of different laws actively exercised throughout their independence after colonialism [9], leading to arrests of individuals and keeping them in detention without trial? The government would definitely arrest and/or detain citizens or migrants living in that country espousing the actions or words of instilling an Islamic caliphate and submitting to Islamic rule by the likes of Boko Haram, Jema’ah Islamiyah, Al Qaeda, the Taliban, or Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (aptly known as Dāʿish).

What if that country has:

~ one Islamic body to oversee Sunni Islam

~ instructions to Muslim citizens about Sunni Islam are not controlled by the government but the Islamic body made up of scholars from Sunni Islam

~ Islamic scholars have no positions of power in government due to the constitution

~ Education is tightly regulated by the government, and might accidentally keep Islam superficial in national schools [10]

~ Country’s Islamic body adheres to one school of Islamic Jurisprudence from Sunni Islam, to classify Sunni Islam as orthodox Islam

An 11-year-old Buddhist female student recently scored 8As in the Kafa examination in Malaysia [11][12]. The exam covers Islamic history, Jawi, and several other subjects. 

What if the above criteria apply to 2 countries who are neighbours, one having mostly Sunni Muslims as a majority and the other having mostly Sunni Muslims as a minority, and the liberal Muslims exhibit fundamental similarities, yet the governments have headaches as to why a small number of Muslims become terrorists or espouse terrorism [13]?

What level of knowledge would you expect from typical Muslim citizens in these countries once they have reached the age of 18 or older? They have undergone a certain number of years in classes for Islamic guidance and instruction with different scholars of Sunni Islam, such instructors being local and from the Middle East.

Would you expect knowledge of basic vital history such as the intentional migration of the prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Yathrib, an event known as the Hijrah, containing details fundamental to the transformation and practises of Islam continued today?

If the main school of Islamic jurisprudence in the country was the Shāfiʿī madhab, what would you expect? According to Al-Jumu’ah Magazine, vol. 12, issue 2 (Safar 1421H): During the time of Sultan Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn, the Shāfiʿī madhab was the most prominent, and the Imam of Al-Azhar Masjid is always a Shāfiʿī, while the Shāfiʿī madhab is studied carefully alongside the other three schools of Ahlus Sunnah ie Mālikī, Hanbali and Ḥanafī.

If countries with such laws was not Egypt but located in South-east Asia, and Sunni Islam officially mandated by the scholars and clerics adhere primarily to the Shāfiʿī madhab, would you expect Muslim teenagers possibly entering university to be able to give exact references from the authentic Sunnah for ablutions, exact references of how different prayers are carried out 5 times a day, and the exact references for words or actions of how such prayers are carried out in a mosque?

Praying 5 times a day is a fundamental practice of being a Sunni Muslim, and Muslim children should learn the exact details and vital history in Islamic classes.

When you look at all references for the different prayers at different times of the day, for actions and words and ablutions, the references span a wide range of sources in the authentic Sunnah. Sunni Muslims from different countries following different schools of Islamic jurisprudence can pray together in specificity at mosques of Sunni Islam. This also includes performing the rituals of Hajj in close unity. The extent of specificity is very different from going to church, be it an atheist “church” or a church of New Testament believers.

Would you expect typical Muslims entering university in that country to know basic vital history about Islam? Would you expect female Muslims of that age to know the conditions of Al-Hijab? Would you expect adults identifying as Muslims in that country adhering to the Shāfiʿī madhab knowing about Imam an-Nawawī?

He was an important imam of the Shāfiʿī madhab, a vital bridge between scholars of past and present in Sunni Islam, responsible for important books such as “Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn”, and a compilation of 42 ṣaḥīḥ oral traditions revered through the later centuries for the greatest fundaments of Dīn creating the axis of Islam. Boys in Saudi Arabia might receive one of those two works alongside the Qur’ān, as early presents for walking the path of Sunni Islam.

If your observation of these Muslim teenagers and adults having received years of instruction in Sunni Islam within a country of certain circumstances is…

~ lack of fluency in Arabic (understandable)

~ inability to give exact references (hm)

~ inability to explain certain fundamental concepts such as Dīn (HM)

~ ignorance about Imam An-Nawawī, his importance in Sunni Islam, and his works (HM)

~ ignorance about vital Islamic history (HM)

~ ignorance about the importance of the Sahîhain or how to understand them (HM)

~ ignorance about how the authentic Sunnah connects issues in many countries suffered by Muslims, Ex-Muslims, and non-Muslims (hm)

~ ignorance about fundamental Sunnah such as the major sign of the sun literally rising from its place of setting in the West during the Hour prior to the Day of Judgement (HM)

~ Ignorance by many female Muslims of varying ages about the conditions of Al-Hijab, which is significantly more restrictive than cloth used to obscure the hair, neck and chest. (HM)

~ Able to give references, but unable to explain how to know which references to obey and which references to discard (hm)

~ united in differing interpretations of the authentic Sunnah or Qur’ān, because different students having different teachers (hm)

~ A few Muslims wanting to go to Syria or Indonesia to join Islamic terrorist groups or have already done so (hm)

~ Able to act and speak in unison in a mosque, despite varying interpretations of Sunni Islam, after all the above criteria applies…. (HM)

If you interacted with Muslims under the age of 40 in one or both of those countries, you would know Whatsapp groups exist. Muslims try to find other Muslims interpreting Sunni Islam similarly, and discussions happen online within groups. Self-taught Sunni Muslims can also be from other countries, in those groups.

Members of the group attend different mosques, live in different locations, and have different scholars from the Middle East or local-born to guide them. They are not fluent in Arabic, and some only understand basic Arabic or enough Arabic to read easy books.

Non-Muslims might be invited to join these groups which easily contain more than 20 people, mainly Sunni Muslims. Conversion attempts may or may not happen. Interpreting oral traditions with different viewpoints can happen, if the oral tradition is not sufficiently specific and limited to trivialities.

When all Sunni Muslims in a group can get ḥādīth 13 of “Forty Ḥadīth Nawawī” wrong, which is found in the Sahîhain and obviously only about Muslims… and won’t check for themselves online, and not knowing any Ex-Muslims who know how to interpret it correctly?

What do you start to suspect, when there is specific unity on trivialities for a large group who follow different teachers, yet lacking in fundamental key knowledge of how to understand Sunni Islam or vital history, and unable to explain specifics about the right way of many wrong possibilities to study Sunni Islam? What do you suspect, when some Muslims are so ignorant that they don’t realise they have lent you books clearly only intended for Muslims?

What do you learn, when such Muslims tell you Muslims not qualified in Sunni Islam should seek out their teachers and check with them first, before dispensing beliefs and knowledge about Sunni Islam, or before deciding how to deal with different interpretations of Sunni Islam creating doubt and questions in them? This is what their teachers told them.

If you are sharp enough to notice all these details, would you classify such instructions by different teachers as a noble desire to ensure pupils are guided according to intellectual integrity and humility, to prevent misleading people… Or would these instructions by scholars of Sunni Islam demonstrate an unreasonable desire for control over their pupils who are being kept ignorant, stemming from intentions you cannot trust?

The former possibility will be an easy conclusion, if the Muslims in that group know vital history and fundamental Sunnah, despite different teachers. But if those Muslims have been denied fundamental facts of Sunni Islam binding on all Sunni Muslims from more than 1000 years ago alongside vital Islamic history every Sunni Muslim should know, triggers the above observational list of hm and HM, yet remains unaware of how alarmingly ignorant they are about Sunni Islam, and how they can endanger someone who disagrees with them?

The latter becomes glaringly obvious, when evaluating Malaysia’s neighbour alongside the uniqueness of Malaysia’s constitution and monarchy. 22 countries have Islam in their constitution, but Malaysia’s complex constitution is unlike any country adhering to Islam. The Rukun Negara is as fundamental as the Constitution, officially empowering a unique federal monarchy alongside a government for balance, whereby no specific ethnicities or religions are specified for any leadership roles in the government.

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a King of Sultans as the head of Islam in Malaysia, is appointed on a rotational basis among the 9 Sultans, must be a Malay and Muslim. Constitutional lawyers know a Sultan is the protector of Islam for Muslims in states where the Sultan rules, and agencies such as Jakim should obey the authority of the Malaysian Sultans. Unlike the majority of Malaysians, Sultans and their heirs usually spend parts of their first 23 years of life studying at non-Islamic Western Institutes, and the Kelantan Sultan who recently abdicated is one example. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong has unique responsibilities in the Constitution greater than the other Sultans. Many Malays are Muslims in Malaysia, and many of them revere the Sultans.

When a certain ustaz criticised a Sultan in a Shah Alam mosque, he was arrested when the video was promptly uploaded online [14]. The Johor Sultan said his state was not a Taliban state, and criticised a Muslim-only Laundromat [15]. The Selangor Sultan stripped the ustaz of teaching rights and preaching rights in Selangor [16].

Imam Nalla Mohamed spoke against Jews and Christians at a mosque in Singapore, chanting “fansurna ‘alal qaumil yahudiyyin wan nasraniyyin”. He was investigated by the police, fined, and deported back to India [17]. The critic who uploaded the video of the imam’s sermon was also investigated by the police, as mentioned in a petition calling for the uploader to be investigated [18],but let off with a warning.

At the forum of siasat.pk, Liberal 000 started a thread on 4 April 2017, citing the entire article from South China Morning Post [19]. Galaxy is a senior forum goer with more than 2000 posts, and first to reply with, “This is the phrase our ulama use all the time. What is wrong with it? Bakshu.pk responds to Galaxy with, “only wrong is he did not realise he was in Singapore (bigsmile).”

The rest of the thread continues without using English. Galaxy and Bakshu obviously understand 2:286 of the Qur’ān ends with “anta Maulana fansurna ‘alal qawmil kafirin”. Any Muslims fluent in Arabic (which excludes the majority of Muslims in Singapore or Malaysia [20]), or any scholars of Sunni Islam claiming to be competent, should know the Arabic of this verse unapologetically states “Our Protector, grant us victory over the disbelievers” which includes “Jews and Christians” ie “yahudiyyin wan nasraniyyin”.

Who was responsible for getting Imam Nalla Mohamed off lightly, prior to his deportation? Why did Bakshu.pk say the imam was only wrong for saying it in Singapore?

When the history and laws of certain countries demonstrate readiness against anyone disturbing religious harmony in a multicultural society of various faiths, such laws would be strictly exercised on anyone espousing a Caliphate. The Caliphate or learning the many signs of the Hour related to the Day of Judgement fundamentally opposes the Malaysian constitutional monarchy of Sultans and any non-Islamic constitutions.

If most Muslims in these 2 countries are ignorant about Islam because of such circumstances, hence “liberal” Muslims? Sunni Muslims can be deceived in various similar and different ways within Western countries and the Middle East, since those regions allow greater freedoms to Islam.

Saudi money is not a factor in Sunni Islam in both countries. How many liberal Muslims saying PAS (Parti Islam Se-Malaysia) are Islamists practicing religious extremism realise PAS correctly practises vital history and merely emulates a certain man who conquered Mecca? When PAS came to power in Kelantan, a deer statue was destroyed in 1990, and a turtle statue removed in Terengganu in 1999 [21]. PAS has a base of support in the rural north while mostly confined to the Eastern coasts of Peninsular Malaysia.

Can you classify “liberal” Muslims not knowing how to understand “conservative” Muslims in the same country as Muslims truly representing Islam? Some older liberal Muslims can explain about getting scolded if they ask questions during certain classes of guidance, but don’t know why. And their extent of knowledge fits the list of hm and HM.

Given the above criteria and circumstances, would you identify children and adults receiving guidance about Islam as a problem, a problem with some or all the scholars responsible for giving these children and adults guidance about Islam, or both conditions?

Are all scholars of Sunni Islam imams? What are imams? Are all imams of Sunni Islam considered qualified scholars and the heirs of the Prophets, in accordance with ḥādīth 2682 of Jāmi‘ at-Tirmidhī? Is the oral tradition stating scholars are superior to normal humans as the moon is superior to other celestial bodies authentic?

The Ulamā /Ulema are a group of qualified scholars in Sunni Islam, with various references in the authentic Sunnah and Qur’ān to cement their authority, due to the standards and fields of Islamic knowledge they possess [22][23]. True scholars within the ulema include Islamic jurists, known as Fuqahā, and a Faqīh is a person of knowledge acting on knowledge, hence bequeathed knowledge of what they don’t know by Allah.

An imam in Sunni Islam is someone in a leadership position and can lead prayers at a mosque, is available to all members of their Islamic community, and should be a recognised scholar of authority in Sunni Islam. A true scholar as a person of wisdom is strictly defined in Sunni Islam.

But in some circumstances regarding prayers in a mosque, an “imam” can sometimes be someone with the most Islamic knowledge in the congregation to do so, if an imam of desired standards is not yet available in the community, which can happen in small rural villages.

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When shaping a hypothesis to verify correlations, and discovering 2 interesting facts being fundamental Sunnah from more than 1000 years ago in Sunni Islam not being taught to Muslims and non-Muslims as public knowledge, despite their importance? It is imperative to search and verify the necessary.

If a significant number of Sunni Muslims in 2 neighbouring countries of South-east Asia are overwhelmingly ignorant because certain similar highly-deterrent laws in both countries pertaining to sedition, detention without trial, and not disrupting religious harmony makes it impossible to teach and expose the necessary?

How do you explain ignorance of many good people believing Islam is truly what they are taught by their teachers in these two countries, while believing some Muslims in other countries are misguided?

The answer requires understanding a unique combination of 3 facts and one oral tradition not taught or selectively dispensed to the majority of the Ummah in many countries worldwide, in accordance with niyyah and ikhlas for Allah as a fundament of Islam, because the prophet Muhammad named the scholars of Sunni Islam (ulema) as the heirs of the Prophets in a carefully-protected historically-unifying scholarship governing the authentic Sunnah from more than 1000 years ago.

All Sunni Muslims believe in 5 principles of Islam and 6 pillars of faith. Do you know how every Sunni Muslim is connected, including what many Sunni Muslims don’t know and hence unknowingly endorse, because of ignorance about why the Ottoman Sultans never made Hajj?

After realising the problem of how Muslims are taught about Sunni Islam in Malaysia and Singapore, and how these governments have been prevented from identifying the cause of the problem? Judging from implications of the siasat.pk forum thread, non-Islamic countries with greater freedom of speech will unknowingly harbour people selectively dispensing evidence to prove this theory.

The USA is the best country to find an international collaboration, due to overwhelming freedom of speech, massive usage of social media, and population of more than 300 million people making it impossible to catch and monitor the necessary.

Suspicions in the hypothesis are proved correct, judging by a global party going on within the USA, without the awareness of many Americans who protect Islam or wrongly blame all Muslims for being evil.

When you find at least one citizen born in USA starting out as non-Muslim but converted to Islam and became an imam, teaching the congregation why Islam is a Dīn and not a religion in Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania), while foreign imams such as a Syrian imam teaches his congregation why “Dīn” cannot be translated into “religion” in Raleigh (North Carolina)… yet these imams fluent in English and Arabic are officially claiming Islam is a religion to a non-Islamic government?

What would you think? What if you found other interesting connections with other scholars in the USA? What if you also find similar correlations outside the USA? Start thanking certain Darussalam books.

Many governments do not realise the root causes and core connections of a certain problem, inspired by the most important oral tradition in Sunni Islam defining fundamental intentions for how Islam should be practised as a believer toward other Muslims and non-Muslims, if your intention is migrating to Allah.

Governments need to start understanding how select Muslims become transformed to repeat vital history, emulating why the Ottoman Sultans never made Haj. This knowledge is vital to reviving and restoring the unique civilisation of Islam, governed by the Dīn mandated through the heirs of knowledge understanding the Sunnah according to the prophet Muhammad.

Brainwashing a fifteen-year-old boy to mercilessly gun down Curtis Cheng in Sydney, Hassan Khalif Shire Ali brutally murdering Sisto Malaspina in Melbourne, 3 Indonesian families blowing themselves up in Indonesia, a suicide bomber wounding and killing teenagers at an Ariana Grande concert in Manchester, terrorists who mutilated and slaughtered people at the Bataclan theatre in Paris of 2015… They have been intentionally denied vital knowledge of 3 combined facts, just as ordinary Muslims shaping them due to a certain scholarship may also have been denied 3 combined facts. Selective teaching can have terrible results.

Suicide bombers and many citizens are not making informed choices. Look beyond personal analogies and see the connective reality of this scholarship. Government officials and police leaders cannot make accurate decisions about interpreting related complex problems, due to obfuscation of a globally connective reality.

To stop such criminal terrorist attacks permanently and peacefully, and stop wasting police resources and taxpayers’ money? Surviving suicide bombers and “lone wolves” must be informed. A local-national-global conversation must happen, started by More Than Murtadd.

This will permanently prevent current suicide-bombers-and-attackers-in-the-making, while helping billions of lives and hundreds of billions of choices affecting almost every country in our world every day.

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Recently, forty-one-year-old rubber scrap dealer and imam Che Abdul Karin from Kelantan married eleven-year-old Thai minor Ayu. Ayu does not go to school [24]. He has expressed interest in her, since she was seven. After lodging a police report against him [25], his second wife claims he does not like children and never took care of the children, except for Ayu.

This incident in Malaysia made the headlines in the New York Times [26], Fox News, and the Guardian, while garnering media coverage from other countries such as Vietnam, Spain and Australia. Outrage flared in the UK, with at least one online petition started by a Muslim father [27]. Lawyers and human rights groups in Malaysia, such as Joint Action Group for Gender and Equality (JAG) and Latheefa Koya of Lawyers for Liberty, have voiced outrage [28]. The new Malaysian government sees this as a landmark case [29].

In response to a proposed blanket ban on child marriages, the conservative political party correctly upholding Sunni Islam and known as Parti Islam Se-Malaysia has its current vice-president disagreeing with the proposal. He said the ban would contravene teachings in Islam, while also saying it is not wrong to marry young from an Islamic perspective.

Malaysia’s Sharīʿah courts received more than 1000 applications for child marriage in 2015, whereby females mentioned in the applications were not yet sixteen. 827 child marriages took place in 2015. The legal age for marriage in Malaysia by the Sharīʿah courts is eighteen for males, and sixteen for females, with exemptions allowing marriage of an individual below those ages if a Sharīʿah judge grants permission in writing.

The legal age for marriage according to civil law in Malaysia is eighteen for both males and females. According to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, a child is generally defined as an individual under the age of eighteen, with one addendum.

What the Parti Islam Se-Malaysia vice-president has said results from a solid basis in the authentic Sunnah and chapter 65 of the Qur’ān. Perak Mufti Tan Sri Zakaria Hussein also referenced the authentic Sunnah accurately, when he once said a wife has no right to refuse sex with the husband and should do so when requested, even if they were riding on the back of a camel’s saddle. That mufti also opined there is no such thing as rape in marriage, and rape is a European concept.

A campaign was launched in April 2015 using at least one poster stating “Without her consent, it is rape. No excuse.” Malay Mail reported some Muslims disagreeing with the poster, claiming rape does not exist in the context of Islamic marriage.


In the 2016 disagreements between Malaysian Members of Parliament Teo Nie Ching of DAP and Nik Mazian Nik Mohamed of PAS, they are talking past each other and will never agree. One is using non-Islamic civil law and international official definitions of children to protect female minors, and the other is using Islamic scholarship based on certain references in the Sunnah regulating the Dīn, when he said banning certain marriages would lead to younger females seeking casual sex and committing adultery (zina) which is worse.

Malaysian groups such as Lawyers for Liberty and Sisters in Islam should pursue the exact sources of the Qur’ān (used for discourse) and the authentic Sunnah (used for guidance), to understand why PAS keeps pushing for Sharīʿah to be implemented more strongly.

Sunni Muslims identifying as liberal or moderate Muslims will find the statements of some PAS members preposterous, which leads to one question: If you had instructive classes on Islam for years by qualified teachers from Sunni Islam despite not living in the Middle East, why do you lack vital knowledge from the heirs of knowledge about the Dīn governing the Ummah, these heirs being clearly identified in the authentic Sunnah as the ulema?

Vital accuracy in definitions for words is important, such as “jihād”. Have you seen Imam an-Nawawī’s “Forth Ḥadīth” translated by Ezzedin Ibrahim and Denys Johnson containing the Arabic text alongside English translations, first published in 1976 in Lahore, Pakistan?

Whether you have the first, second, or third edition published in 1979 which can be bought in Pakistan or Sydney’s Islamic bookstores in Lakemba? Certain Arabic words have been preserved in transliteration.

On page 100, ḥādīth 29 is the oral tradition narrating how the peak of the matter is Islam, the pillar is prayer, and the highest point is jihād, all of it best controlled by the tongue. A footnote mentions the Arabic word “jihād” is generally rendered as “holy war” but the actual meaning is much wider, and encompasses any effort made to further the cause of Islam, hence the Arabic word is retained (ie transliterated without translation).

Any effort to further the cause of Islam is jihād. According to that basic encompassing definition, practising Islam is jihād. Making your children and non-Muslims believe in Islam is jihād. Eating halal food is jihād. Praying is jihād. Migrating to another country and intending to practise Islam for any reason is jihād.

Any non-Muslim or Ex-Muslim speaking of “secular jihād”, “Christian jihād”, “Muslim atheists” or “secular Muslims” clearly has no understanding of Sunni Islam’s well-defined scholarship.

Are all Muslims jihādists? The answer depends on you choosing to deny or adhere to intellectual integrity, just as lack of intellectual integrity has led to 3 combined facts denied to 99% of the current global population:

Fact 1 – Governments of every country worldwide officially classify Islam as a religion of many divisions. Of all the various divisions within Islam, Sunni Islam clearly has the most adherents with a population of more than 1.5 billion people, constituting at least 80 percent of the current global Muslim population.

Fact 2 – Since the intentional migration of the prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Yathrib known as the Hijrah, Sunni Islam has always been classified as a Deen/Dīn (a strict and all-encompassing way of life). More than 1400 years later, the rules governing this civilisation are virtually unchanged. Too many people do not understand or have not correctly understood the meaning of critical Arabic words such as “Dīn” (cannot be translated into “religion”), in accordance with how these words were understood by the earliest Muslims more than 1000 years ago, and why the most important oral tradition in Sunni Islam can control what you learn or do not learn from others.

Fact 3- All the earliest Muslims obviously endorsed a flat earth theory more than 1000 years ago, in the most important oral traditions of the authentic Sunnah governing Sunni Islam. As to why many people have not realised this, you must understand the details behind Fact 2.

Facts 2 and 3 are covered in subsequent summaries. Please see them, read the three letters at the beginning, and think of all the misunderstandings, damages, chaos, and divisions of more than 1000 years… because of tongues and minds wrongly taught or kept in ignorance.

Families scattered, relationships sundered, resources squandered, lives ruined and lost… All because of misunderstandings and ignorance, due to tongues wrongly affecting or misleading minds, in what is said and what is withheld… For more than 1000 years.

Do you understand why vital context and accuracy is important in complex topics, such as what you choose to espouse as a healthy or holy way of life?

If you wish to understand Sunni Islam accurately, any Sunni Muslim sincerely believing Islam is a religion and doesn’t know why “Deen/Dīn” cannot be translated into “religion” does not understand Sunni Islam correctly. This applies regardless of whether the Muslim is a high-ranking government official, doctor, judge, engineer, scientist or road sweeper.

Claims have been made here about a certain carefully-protected historically-unchanged scholarship in Sunni Islam. They will be proven. To see evidence irreversibly proving how the Qur’ān, Allah of the Qur’ān and the Sunnah of Sunni Islam is invalid, and why Islam has no right and no validity to exist as any laws or rules governing a society or people for more than 1000 years:  Please sit down and see Critical Summary 4, where all Sunni Muslims born to Muslim parents should know this major sign of obligatory fundamental Sunnah, as important as the 5 principles of Al-Islam and 6 pillars of iman in the authentic Sunnah.

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*Qur’ān: A book claimed by believers (such as Muslims) to contain the transliterated knowledge of a deity whom they believe is divine, respectable, perfect, all-knowing, predestined everything, has many names, and a book they also revere as holy, authoritative, perfect, etc

* ṣaḥīḥ: Out of 4 general categories of classification according to the reliability and memory of the narrator(s), such oral tradition(s) are in the best of the 4 categories and deemed sound, hence authentic, and of the most reliable authority.

* mutawaatir: Also known as Al-Mutawātir. Within the classification system of ḥādīth in Sunni Islam, certain oral traditions have a chain of narrators, and at every stage of the chain, there are a significant number of narrators which can also form chains. The basis of an oral tradition being mutawaatir is due to a large number of consecutive reliable narrators in every generation, leading to the conclusion so many narrators cannot convey a lie.

* Sharīʿah: “Path to a watering hole” or to be specific, a comprehensive system of various topics under Islamic law drawing on the Qur’ān and authentic Sunnah, decided by the ulema in Sunni Islam, to govern all Sunni Muslims.

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[1] https://conatusnews.com/non-religious-secular/

[2] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tb5mq6v9S5I

[3] https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/10/30/it-starts-with-the-jews-and-it-doesnt-end-there/

[4] http://guides.library.cornell.edu/IslamAsiaExhibit/MuslimPopulations

[5] https://www.noted.co.nz/currently/social-issues/apostasy-high-cost-leaving-islam-but-help-at-hand/

[6] http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/07/29/which-countries-still-outlaw-apostasy-and-blasphemy/

[7] https://dailycaller.com/2018/10/23/saudi-arabia-universities-payment/?fbclid=IwAR2F2r0st1O7NXhh9Iu5gXC2TFSxWOIXPmtiYks1RyOgV_9p2dt366LAJgk

[8] https://www.vox.com/2016/3/21/11275354/saudi-arabia-gulf-washington

[9] https://www.malaymail.com/s/1711784/bn-more-restrained-most-sedition-law-abuses-during-your-leadership-lawyer-t

[10] https://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2019/01/12/don-our-islamic-education-doesnt-instil-islamic-values/


[11] https://www.bharian.com.my/berita/pendidikan/2018/12/511362/syabas-hui-ling-dapat-8a-upkk


[12] https://www.worldofbuzz.com/this-11yo-non-muslim-student-scored-8as-in-every-islamic-based-subject-in-upkk/

[13]  https://www.vice.com/en_asia/article/3k9dyk/cleo-malaysias-most-eligible-bachelor-2010-died-fighting-for-isis

[14] https://www.malaymail.com/s/1484195/putrajaya-to-probe-jakim-man-zamihan-for-alleged-johor-sultan-insult

[15] http://www.thesundaily.my/news/2017/10/15/sultan-ibrahim-decrees-jaij-stop-dealing-jakim-following-zamihan-video-updated

[16] https://mothership.sg/2017/04/muslim-imam-convicted-of-promoting-enmity-between-religious-groups-fined-4000-for-comments-on-jews-christians/

[17] https://www.gopetition.com/petitions/singaporeans-calling-for-the-investigation-of-mr-terence-helikaon-nunis.html

[18] https://www.siasat.pk/forums/threads/singapore-to-expel-muslim-cleric-for-his-use-of-phrase-fansurna-alal-qaumil-yahudiyyin-wan-nasraniy.536949/

[19] https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/nus-suspends-academic-while-it-investigates-his-involvement-in-case-of-imams-remarks

[20] https://www.malaymail.com/s/1694723/read-and-understand-the-quran-in-your-own-language-dr-m-tells-muslims

[21] https://www.thestar.com.my/opinion/columnists/on-the-beat/2016/09/11/something-worrying-is-happening-sadly-malaysians-are-now-dealing-with-whether-to-shake-hands-or-wish/[22] http://www.arabnews.com/news/532426

[23] http://seekershub.org/blog/2011/03/is-the-hadith-the-scholars-are-the-inheritors-of-the-prophets-authentic-if-so-what-does-it-mean-faraz-rabbani/

[24] https://www.news.com.au/lifestyle/relationships/marriage/fury-as-malaysian-man-41-weds-11yearold-thai-girl/news-story/a3b5fe091598170da51292a91ebb197b[25] https://www.worldofbuzz.com/7-updates-you-need-to-know-about-the-11-year-old-bride-case/

[26] https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/29/world/asia/malaysia-child-marriage.html

[27] https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/08/02/petition-by-father-to-end-child-marriage-gets-over-20000-signatures/

[28] https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2018/08/02/womens-groups-slam-wan-azizah-for-not-charging-child-bride-case-man/

[29] http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2018/07/31/child-marriage-we-need-water-tight-case-says-wan-azizah/

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